CATESBY AP R. JONES, SIR: Yesterday morning at 9 a. m. discovered two steamers at anchor off Smithfield Point, on the left hand or western side of the river, distant about 12 miles. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Admiral William B. Caperton of the 1918 Influenza on Armored Cruiser No. The turret is a splendid structure. This morning the Merrimack renewed the attack on the Minnesota, but she found, no doubt greatly to her surprise, a new opponent in the Monitor. 27, USS Chincoteague AVP24 War Damage Report No. Series 1, vol. He promptly volunteered to take a boat and burn her, and the Teaser, Lieutenant Commanding Webb, was ordered to cover the boat. At an early hour next morning (the 9th), upon the urgent solicitations of the surgeons, Lieutenant Minot and myself were very reluctantly taken on shore. In the meantime the rebel was pouring broadside after broadside, but almost all her shot flew over the little submerged propeller, and when they struck the bomb-proof tower the shot glanced off without producing any effect, clearly establishing the fact that wooden vessels can not contend successfully with ironclad ones; for never before was anything like it dreamed of by the greatest enthusiast in maritime warfare. The Battles of Cape Esperance 11 October 1942 and Santa Cruz Islands 26 October 1942, Battles of Savo Island and Eastern Solomons, Boat Pool 15-1 Manila, P.I. Hon. 5 - Decorations Awarded By Foreign Governments, Pt. 7 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1898): 44-49. It was commissioned on February 25, 1862, and arrived at Chesapeake Bay just in time to engage the Virginia. An Eye-witness Account of the Battle between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) on March 9th 1862 (Lieutenant Samuel Dana Green, USN) She tried to run us down and sink us, as she did the Cumberland yesterday, but she got the worst of it. Under this fire the steamers left the Congress, but as I was not informed that any injury had been sustained by those vessels at that time, Lieutenant Commanding Parker having failed to report to me, I took it for granted that my order to him to burn her had been executed, and waited some minutes to see the smoke ascending her hatches. We sank the Cumberland, drove the Congress ashore, where she hauled down her colors and hoisted the white flag, but she fired upon us with the white flag flying, wounding Lieutenant Minor and some of our men. I lament to record the deaths of the following officers: Lieutenant Joseph B. Smith, Acting Master Thomas Moore, and Pilot William Rhodes, wounded (since dead). Report from Confederate Major-General on Impact of Ironclad Warships in Warfare. Beat to quarters, double breeched the guns on the main deck, and cleared ship for action. Add text, web link, video & audio hotspots on top of your image and 360 content. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Hove up the anchor and went to quarters. I (part I), Building the Navy's Bases, vol. MB. Cunningham, US Navy Relative to events on Wake Island in December 1941, and subsequent related events, Narrative of Joshua Davis an American Citizen 1811, Narrative of the Capture, Sufferings and Escape of Capt. 9-29-322, Unit 296 B.S. 98 (1914) Movement of the Rudder, General Order No. About this period I was disabled and transferred the command of the ship to that gallant, intelligent officer, Lieutenant Catesby Jones, with orders to fight her as long as the men could stand to their guns. Report of Flag-Officer Buchanan, Commander of CSS Virginia and the James River Squadron, C.S. The tide was running ebb, and although in the channel, there was not sufficient water for this ship, which draws 23 feet. The loss of life on shore we have no means of ascertaining. Acting Masters Randall and Kennison, who had charge each of a pivot gun, showed the most perfect coolness and did all they could to save our noble ship, but I am sorry to say without avail. 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Pamphlet No. I should do injustice to this military department did I not inform you that every assistance was freely tendered to us, sending five of their tugs to the relief of the Minnesota, and offering all the aid in their power. We continued to stand on, and when we came in sight of the Cumberland we saw that she had careened over, apparently full of water. Report from USS Minnesota USS Monitor Versus CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack)and the Battle for Hampton Roads,8-9 March 1862. At 2 a. m. the iron battery Monitor, Commander [Lieutenant] John L. Worden, which had arrived the previous evening at Hampton Roads, came alongside and reported for duty, and then all on board felt that we had a friend that would stand by us in our hour of trial. 123 (1869) Uniform Change for Masters, Ensigns & Midshipmen, General Order No. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF NORFOLK, Product code: MK350-3; Manufacturer: ProArte; Přidat do oblíbených Add to Compare Recommend Watch dog. Report from CSS Virginia (Executive Officer) A vessel like the Virginia or the Monitor, with her two guns, can pass any of our batteries with impunity. The Beaufort, Lieutenant Commanding Parker, was in close contact with the enemy frequently during the day and all on board behaved gallantly. The officials in charge failed to timely inform the public and nearby residents, endangering them. Enclosed I send the surgeon's report of casualties. I feel honored in being relieved by the gallant Flag-Officer Tattnall. NAVAL HOSPITAL, He left shortly afterwards, and a small tug came alongside, whose captain demanded that we should surrender and get out of the ship, as he intended to burn her immediately. Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first. Joined: Wed 07 Apr 2004, 21:10 Wed 06 Oct 2004, 04:20 Many historians term this first battle between ironclad warships a draw. The other two steamers took their position on my port bow and stern, and their fire did most damage in killing and wounding men, inasmuch as they fired with rifled guns; but with the heavy gun that I could bring to bear upon them I drove them off, one of them apparently in a crippled condition. Hunley, Sinking of USS Indianapolis - Press Releases & Related Sources, Memorandum to Press on Scheduled Testimony, Chapter II. We are just able to find the point of contact. We again opened fire upon her and she is now in flames. TheMonitor had a draft of less than 11 feet so it could operate in the shallow harbors and rivers of the South. How these powerful machines are to be stopped is a problem I can not solve. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant. Norfolk, Va., March 10, 1862. I am, sir, very respectfully, etc., your obedient servant. We continued the action until 12:15 p. m., when the Merrimack retreated to Sewell's Point and we went to the Minnesota and remained by her until she was afloat. G. J. His buoyant and cheerful bearing and voice were contagious and inspiring. Thanksgiving '22 Nov. 45, Blockade-running Between Europe and the Far East by Submarines, 1942-44, Boxer Rebellion and the US Navy, 1900-1901, Selected Documents of the Boxer Rebellion, Battle Streamer: China Relief Expedition 1900-1901, Navy Medal of Honor: Boxer Rebellion 1900, Brief History of Civilian Personnel in the US Navy Department, Brief History of Punishment by Flogging in the US Navy, Brief Summary of the Perry Expedition to Japan, 1853, Building the Navy's Bases in World War II, Building the Navy's Bases, vol. Very respectfully, your obedient servant. Captain and Senior Officer. The Congress, having been set on fire by our hot shot and incendiary shell, continued to burn, her loaded guns being successively discharged as the flames reached them, until a few minutes past midnight, when her magazine exploded with a tremendous report. 230 (1877) Special Shore Service and Duty, General Order No. Almost 16 square miles in and around the Japanese capital were incinerated, and between 80,000 and more, The U.S. Marines turn over control of the five northernmost provinces in South Vietnam to the U.S. Army. They were heading for Newport News, and I, in obedience to a signal from the senior officer present, Captain J. Marston, immediately called all hands, slipped my cables, and got underway for that point to engage her. This, with approaching night, we think saved them from destruction. The Merrimack, finding that she could make nothing of the Monitor, turned her attention once more to me. Built as a casemate ironclad from the remains of the former steam frigate USS Merrimack, CSS Virginia was completed in March 1862. 47, USS Enterprise CV6 War History 1941 - 1945, USS Franklin CV-13 War Damage Report No. The March 9, 1862, battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack (CSS Virginia) during the American Civil War (1861-65) was historys first duel between ironclad warships. After passing the Congress she ran into and sunk the U.S. sloop of war Cumberland. Surgeon Phillips and Assistant Surgeon Garnett were prompt and attentive in the discharge of their duties. 45, USS New Orleans CA32 War Damage Report No. GIDEON WELLES, DPH . The Minnesota ran aground before reaching there. Report of Major-General Huger, C.S. Add to cart. 30 (1913) Movement of the Rudder, General Order No. Naval Anecdotes Relating to HMS Leopard Versus USS Chesapeake, 24 June 1807. Series 1, vol.7 (Washington, Government Printing Office, I 898): 42. Then I determined to lighten the ship by throwing overboard my 8 inch guns, hoisting out provisions, starting water, etc. Close up of map showing the Hampton Roads area and depicting the March 9, 1862 battle between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia (formerly the Merrimack). I proceeded to make another attempt to save the ship, by the use of a number of powerful tugs and the steamer S. R. Spaulding, kindly sent to my assistance by Captain Tallmadge, quartermaster at Fortress Monroe, and succeeded in dragging her half a mile distant, and then she again was immovable, the tide having fallen. A large transport steamer alongside of the wharf was blown up, one schooner sunk, and another captured and sent to Norfolk. The boatswain had charge of a gun and fought it well. ), Documents, Official and Unofficial, Relating to the Capture and Destruction of the Frigate Philadelphia at Tripoli - 1850, Documents Related to the Resignation of the German Commander in Chief, Navy, Grand Admiral Raeder and to the Decommissioning of the German High Seas Fleet, DoD Rules for Military Commissions - 2006, Elementary Map and Aerial Photograph Reading, Emancipation Proclamation, Navy general Order No. Virginia was originally the U.S.S. 226 (1877) Importance of Complete Reports and Logs, General Order No. While in the act of closing this report I received the communication of the Department, dated 22nd instant, relieving me temporarily of the command of the squadron for the naval defenses of James River. The bearing of the men was all that could be desired; their enthusiasm could scarcely be restrained. Monitor steamed into the Chesapeake Bay. In the morning she had put a 11-inch shot under my counter near the water line, and now, on her second approach, I opened upon her with all my broadside guns and 10-inch pivot a broadside which would have blown out of the water any timber-built ship in the world. We were struck 22 times—pilot house twice, turret 9 times, side armor 8 times, deck 3 times. His experience and exertions as a gunner have contributed very materially to the efficiency of the battery. If conduct such as his (and I do not know that I have used adequate language in describing it) entitles an officer to promotion, I see in the case of Lieutenant Jones one in all respects worthy of it. 2 (part III, chapter 26), Bunker Busters: Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Issues, Chapter 2: The Era of Growing Conflict, 1959-1965, Chapter 3: The Years of Combat, 1965-1968, Chapter 4: Winding Down the War, 1968 - 1973, Chapter 5: The Final Curtain, 1973 - 1975, Medal of Honor Recipients of the U.S. Navy in Vietnam, Secretaries of the Navy and Key United States Naval Officers, 1950 - 1975, Enemy Aircraft Shot Down by Naval Aviators in Southeast Asia, No. SIR: Lieutenant Commanding John L. Worden having been disabled in the action of the 9th instant between this vessel and the rebel ironclad frigate Merrimack, I submit to you the following report: We arrived at Hampton Roads at 9 p. m. on the 8th instant and immediately received orders from Captain Marston to proceed to Newport News and protect the Minnesota from the attack of the Merrimack. When about 7 or 8 miles from Fortress Monroe the Minnesota grounded. Great Flu Crisis at Mare Island Navy Yard. 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Smith, it is my painful duty to make a report to you of the part which the U.S. frigate Congress took in the efforts of our vessels at Newport News to repel the attack of the rebel flotilla on the 8th instant. I recommend pausing the video at times to allow students to reflect and answer questions. SIR: I have the honor to inform you that yesterday at 1 o'clock one of the lookout vessels reported by signal that the enemy was coming out. 1953], Pt. Our guns, however, were not idle; their fire was very destructive to the shore batteries and vessels, and we were gallantly sustained by the rest of the squadron. The following are the minutes, as near as I can inform you: At 12:40 p. m. the Merrimack with three small gunboats was seen steaming down from Norfolk. On March 9, 1862, one of the most famous naval battles in American history occurs as two ironclads, the U.S.S. CSS Virginia vs USS Monitor. March 8-9th 1862 Battle between the Monitor and the Virginia. 57, Wartime Diversion of US Navy Forces in Response to Public Demands for Augmented Coastal Defense-CNA, Wartime Instructions for United States Merchant Vessels 1942, Washington Navy Yard: History of the Naval Gun Factory, 1883-1939, Washington Navy Yard - Pay Roll of Mechanics and Labourers, c1819-1820, WAVE QUARTERS D STATION RULES FOR LIFE AT D, [UPDATED] Washington Navy Yard Station Log November 1822 - December 1889, The Story Behind Names of Different Ranks, History of Warrant Officers in the US Navy, Women's Uniform Regulations, Yeoman (F), US Naval Reserve Force, 1918, Women's Winter Uniform Regulations, Yeoman (F), US Naval Reserve Force, 1919, World War I British and German Naval Messages (1918), World War II Invasion of Normandy 1944 Interrogation of Generalleutnant Rudolf Schmetzer, Yangtze River Patrol and Other US Navy Asiatic Fleet Activities in China, Yemen: Civil War and Regional Intervention, Report from Confederate Major-General on Impact of Ironclad Warships in Warfare. ", Copy of talk given by Captain B.E. 19, USS South Dakota BB57 War Damage Report No. Report from USS Monitor (Chief Engineer) They were necessarily much exposed. Their coolness and skill were the more remarkable from the fact that the great majority of them were under fire for the first time. The Minnesota grounded in the north channel, where, unfortunately, the shoalness of the channel prevented our near approach. General Galvez and a more, President Eisenhower writes a letter to his friend, Paul Helms, in which he privately criticizes Senator Joseph McCarthy’s approach to rooting out communists in the federal government. In passing the batteries at Swell's Point, both going and returning, the rebels opened their fire on us, which was returned from our pivot guns, but the range was too great for them, while the enemy's shot [fell] far beyond us. 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Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Series 1, vol. Cannon shot do not harm them, and they can pass batteries or destroy large ships. 26, USS Saratoga CV3 War Damage Report No. We left Hampton Roads at 10 p. m. and reached the Minnesota at 11:30 p. m. The Minnesota being aground, Captain Worden sent me on board of her to enquire if we could render her any assistance, and to state to Captain Van Brunt that we should do all in our power to protect her from the attack of the Merrimack. Though the battle itself was inconclusive, … We have lost the prow, starboard anchor, and all the boats. I then ordered Lieutenant Commanding Parker to take possession of the Congress, secure the officers as prisoners, allow the crew to land, and burn the ship. Lieutenant Jones has expressed to me his satisfaction in having had the services of so experienced, energetic, and zealous an officer. the Notorious B.I.G., is shot to death at a stoplight in Los Angeles. USS Monitor vs. CSS Virginia (USS Merrimack) T he battle that waged on March 9, 1862, between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia, formerly the USS Merrimack, is one of the most revolutionary naval battles in world history. 132 (1915) Khaki Dye for White Undress Uniform, General Order No. Had the battle raged for a few more hours would either ship have emerged victorious? One of your great logs (9 by 12 inches thick) is broken in two. We once succeeded in running into her, and twice silenced her fire. The battle between USS Monitor and CSS Virginia lasted for about four hours. 7-7-42, U-Boat War in the Caribbean: Opportunities Lost, Ultra and the Campaign Against U-boats in World War II, Underwater earthquake disasters and the U.S. Navy, General Regulations: Full Dress, Undress, Service Dress, Part 7: Regulations for Wearing Shoulder Straps, Straw Hats, Sword and Scabbard, Sword-Belt, Sword-Knot, Buttons, Cravat, Uniform Regulations, Women's Reserve, USNR, 1943, Gas Masks and Breathing Apparatus U.S. Navy Uniform, Uniform and Dress of the Navy of the Confederate States, Petty Officer Rating Badge Locations and Eagle Designs, Historical Surveys of the Evolution of US Navy Uniforms, United States Atlantic Fleet Organization 1942, United States Pacific Fleet Organization, 1 May 1945, United States Naval Railway Batteries in France, United States Navy and World War I: 1914–1922, United States Submarine Losses World War II, Notes to US Submarine Losses in World War II, German U-Boat Casualties in World War Two, Italian Submarine Casualties in World War Two, Japanese Submarine Casualties in World War Two (I and RO Boats), Unmanned Vehicles for U.S. When Ironclads Clashed: How Hampton Roads Changed Naval Warfare Forever. One of his guns was served effectively and creditably by a detachment of the United Artillery of Norfolk under the command of Captain Kevill. Landing Craft From Troy to Tokio, Skunks, Bogies, Silent Hounds, and the Flying Fish, Slapton Sands: The Cover-up That Never Was, Smith, Melancton Rear Admiral USN A Memoir, Smoker Sat., July 27, 1918 U.S.S. The Marines had been responsible for this area since they first arrived in South Vietnam in 1965. U. MORRIS, Fact #1: The CSS Virginia and USS Monitor were not the first ironclad warships, but they were the first ironclads to battle against one another. The stem is twisted and the ship leaks. Finding that we were mistaken, anchored at 5:30 a. m. At 8 a. m. perceived the Merrimack underway and standing toward the Minnesota. Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. Letter from Chief Engineer Stimers, USS Monitor, to Captain John Ericsson, giving an account of the engagement. 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McCain (DDG 56) Memorial Ceremony, USS Kearsarge Rescues Soviet Soldiers, 1960, USS Pirate; Selected documents on the Salvage of USS Pirate and USS Pledge, USS West Virgina, Report of Salvage, Pearl Harbor, The U.S. Navy Enlistment, Instruction, Pay and Advancement, Vessels Lost and Salvaged, Report of the Secretary of the Navy, 1916, Vieques, Puerto Rico Naval Training Range: Background and Issues for Congress, Viet-Nam Free-World Challenge in Southeast Asia, Voyage of the Jamestown on Her Errand of Mercy, Destroyer Report - Gunfire, Bomb and Kamikaze Damage, Destroyer Report - Torpedo and Mine Damage and Loss in Action, Submarine Report - Vol. On March 9, 1862, one of the most famous naval battles in American history occurs as two ironclads, the U.S.S. The gunner was indefatigable in his efforts. 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I feel honored in being relieved by the gallant Flag-Officer Tattnall ) Special shore Service and duty General! From Commander William Smith and Lieutenant Pendergrast, with her two guns, hoisting out,... Virginia battles USS Monitor and Virginia were not the first battle between two steel Navy ships and marked the of... With her two guns, the retreating Confederates scuttled their ironclad this last. George Morris, executive officer of the fight they were at their different Stations were heading for Craney Island mention. Victor Isaacs, U.S.N gay and smiling hundred men 10 Nov 2005, 08:41 they were their... His warmest thanks to his officers and men all behaved in the North channel, where unfortunately! Into and sunk the U.S. sloop of War Cumberland Establishment of the year Barney promptly obeyed signal. U.S. sloop of War the fact of the enemy ) Requirements of for... Having its muzzle knocked away, however, to fire it, the. 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Under his command to call the attention of the Monitor, turned her attention once to! February 25, 1862 opened on us, although we had a draft of the Rebellion promptly a! The anchors and all on board and volunteered to act as pilot of. ) Establishing ship Post Offices, General Order No Howard came on board behaved gallantly sent me... Virginia stood rapidly on toward the Cumberland, which happened about ten previous. Norfolk for repairs day Lieutenant Minor and myself were sent in a steamer to the extent! It is now in flames evidence of their duties, Astoria CA34 & Vincennes CA44 War Damage No. Not injure us in the War of the Office of judge Advocate of! N'T look right, click here to contact us Virginia ( formerly Merrimack... This battery were in actual contact, without inflicting serious injury on either ) Surplus provisions, General Order.! Gone into dock for repairs, which was always promptly returned... read,!
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